According to legend, in 1682 Quaker reformer William Penn met with Native Americans at Shackamaxon in what is now Philadelphia to exchange gifts for land. Although history shows that Penn did meet with the Lenape Indians, no actual treaty exists. For the Quakers, however, the meeting fulfilled the biblical prophecy of a peaceable kingdom on earth. The theme inspired more than a hundred paintings by Quaker preacher Edward Hicks, who also worked as a sign and coach painter. Using a seemingly unsophisticated style, Hicks concentrated on images that conveyed his Quaker beliefs.

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Edward Hicks, American, 1780–1849
Penn's Treaty with the Indians
c. 1830–1840
Oil on canvas
Canvas: 17 5/8 × 23 5/8 in. (44.7 × 59.9 cm)
Credit Line

The Bayou Bend Collection, gift of Alice C. Simkins in memory of Alice N. Hanszen; with frame acquired with funds provided by Miss Ima Hogg, by exchange

Current Location
Bayou Bend Collection and Gardens
Accession Number

Jacob Paxson Temple, Tanguy, Chester County, Pennsylvania; to Anderson Galleries, New York; "The Jacob Paxson Temple Collection of Early American Furniture and Objects of Art, The Anderson Galleries, New York, January 23-28, 1922, lot 1319; to Will E. Hogg (1875-1930), in Jan. 1922; to his brother, Mike Hogg (1885-1940); to his wife Alice Nicholson Frazer Hogg, later Mrs. Harry Hanszen, Houston, Texas; to her niece, Alice C. Simkins, formerly Houston, Texas; to the Bayou Bend Collection, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1977.