02 Jul
Wed / 2014

Inside the MFAH
Endangered Animal? Assessing the Light Sensitivity of Walton Ford’s “Oso Dorado”

Each year the Museum adds masterpieces to the collection through “One Great Night in November,” one of this institution’s largest fundraisers in support of art acquisitions. In 2013, the event acquired Oso Dorado, a monumental watercolor by American artist Walton Ford. Painted only a few months before “One Great Night in November,” the five-foot-wide work of art was in pristine condition, with all its immediacy and freshness intact.

It’s our first priority to ensure Oso Dorado retains this freshness for generations to come. Works of art on paper can be subject to irreversible light-induced damage, a dilemma for institutions whose essential mission is to share art with the public. So the first task the conservation team faces in such instances is to evaluate the artwork as specifically as possible to determine how we can best preserve it. Only by carefully studying the work can we know how often it could be exhibited, and under what conditions.

Left to right: Advanced conservation intern Heather Brown, works on paper conservator Tina Tan, and research scientist Cory Rogge discuss the artist’s palette.
Left to right: Advanced conservation intern Heather Brown, works on paper conservator Tina Tan, and research scientist Cory Rogge discuss the artist’s palette.

Calibrating the state of works on paper has been aided in recent years by new technologies. In the 1990s, a scientist at Carnegie Mellon University created an instrument known as a microfade tester that uses a very small, intense beam of light to slightly fade an area of color in a work of art. The color’s fading rate is compared to that of three different swatches of blue-dyed wool whose light sensitivity is known. This comparison allows scientists to predict how much light work can be exposed to before the art begins to fade.

Left to right: Menil Collection staff members Tom Walsh, Adam Baker, and Tobin move the unframed “Oso Dorado” to a workbench.
Left to right: Menil Collection staff members Tom Walsh, Adam Baker, and Tobin Becker move the unframed Oso Dorado to a workbench.

Although the MFAH does not own a microfade tester, our neighbors at the Menil Collection do, and they welcomed our proposal to collaborate. Oso Dorado was transported to the Menil, where Cory Rogge, Andrew W. Mellon Research Scientist at the MFAH and the Menil, and I worked to test the lightfastness of 12 different areas of the work. All the colors we tested showed a relatively gradual rate of fading, indicating that the artwork is stable.

The microfade tester collects data.
The microfade tester collects data.

Cory further analyzed pigments in Oso Dorado with X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and verfied that the artist used watercolor containing inorganic pigments. These records not only confirm the materials of the artwork, but also establish a baseline for future studies.

Cory Rogge calibrates the microfade tester.
Cory Rogge calibrates the microfade tester.

Oso Dorado portrays the California grizzly bear, a magnificent beast hunted into extinction in the 20th century. Ford deliberately stained the margins to give his watercolor the appearance of age, as if it were an artifact from a century past. However, with careful foresight, Oso Dorado will not become a similarly “endangered animal,” and with the knowledge gained through our studies we can plan strategically for future exhibitions of this wonderfully dramatic work of art.

Want to see more up-close looks at conservation projects? Check out Selected Case Studies for highlights.


Comments

Recent Posts

Post Archives

Tag Cloud

35mm 5womenartists abstract african-art a-history-of-photography american american-art ancient and angelica-kauffmann animals anna-atkins antiquities architecture art art-books art-of-the-islamic-worlds arts-of-india azaleas bayou bayou-bend bayou-bend-christmas-village bend bestowing-beauty biblical british british-arrows british-art broadways-amazing-mastersons buffalo-bayou-park-cistern campus campus-redevelopment carroll-sterling-masterson chef chinese-art christmas christmas-fun cinema cisternrain classic classic-films color colors-of-the-oasis concrete conservation contemporary-art contemporary-arts-museum-houston contemporary-film contesting-modernity countess cullen-sculpture-garden curator curators-picks dance decorative-arts degas degas-a-new-vision digital dont-blink-robert-frank drawings dutch-art electronic elizabeth-i england e-records eye-on-houston family-programs fashion fashion-fusion festival fiber-arts field film flowers french french-art fun future futuremfah gainsborough gallery-interpretation garden garden-paradise gardens george-iii glassell glassell-school-of-art google-art-project habsburg-splendor-masterpieces-from-viennas-imperial-collections halloween happy-new-year harris-masterson-iii henry-viii hirsch-library history holiday holiday-fun hollywood homemfah homeso-different-so-appealing houston howe icaa ikat ima-hogg impressionism indian-art interactive ipads japanese-art joshua-reynolds kenwood king kodak latin latin-american-art latino-art latin-wave laura-israel learning-and-interpretation love mail maria-fernanda-cardoso mastersons mayan-art media mending-craft-and-community mexican-film mexican-modernism mfa-cafe mfah mfah-films mfah-in-the-community mfah-staff modern modernism movie movies movies-houstonians-love mueck mueckmfah museum museum-education music native-american-art new nhprc now-on-view now-playing organic oscar-de-la-renta painting paint-the-revolution paul-thomas-anderson peacock-in-the-desert-the-royal-arts-of-jodhpur-india peacockmfah persian-art photographs photography picasso portrait portraits prints prints-and-drawings programs queen-victoria rebel-jester-mystic-poet rembrandt-van-rijn rienzi ron-mueck rothko sampler sculpted-in-steel sculpture shadow-monsters shepherds short-films snail snapshot spanish-art spring summer technology texas textiles thanksgiving the the-al-sabah-collection the-glamour-and-romance-of-oscar-de-la-renta tudors-to-windsors valentines-day venezuelan-art video vincent-van-gogh vincent-van-gogh-his-life-in-art wagner-garden-carpet watercolor winter women-filmmakers womens-history-month works-on-paper