This table screen from the Ming dynasty features decorative carvings on both surfaces. On one side, a qilin—a mythical beast similar to a unicorn—is positioned against a rocky landscape. The reverse side depicts court dignitaries engaged in various scholarly pursuits. Qilins are found frequently in Chinese art, poetry, and mythology. They were associated with the desire to produce male heirs and were symbolic of high military ranking. The qilin was regarded as a benevolent creature representing good fortune, prosperity, and devotion to family. According to legend, a qilin appeared to the mother of the great sage Confucius shortly before he was born. On the other side of the screen, members of the intellectual elite relax in an idyllic setting of gardens and pavilions framed by high trees and mountain peaks. The figures participate in the most important accomplishments of the Chinese scholar: poetry, painting, music, and chess. Table screens were often among the furnishings of a scholar's studio before the Qing dynasty (1644–1912). This example, made of a kind of dark soapstone called steatite, is enclosed in a red sandalwood frame from the Qing dynasty.


Cataloguing data may change with further research.

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Artist
Chinese
Title
Table Screen with Scholars and Qilin
Date
16th–17th century
Medium
Steatite and wood
Dimensions
Overall (assembled): 22 7/8 × 19 7/8 × 7 3/8 in. (58.1 × 50.5 × 18.7 cm) Overall (.A screen): 16 1/2 × 17 × 1 1/4 in. (41.9 × 43.2 × 3.2 cm) Mount (.B stand): 12 3/4 × 19 7/8 × 7 3/8 in. (32.4 × 50.5 × 18.7 cm)
Credit Line

Museum purchase funded by Mr. and Mrs. Meredith J. Long

Current Location
Not on view
Accession Number
2006.1278.A,.B
Classification
Sculpture
Provenance

Research ongoing