The Gust of Wind—Gustave Courbet’s largest canvas devoted solely to landscape—was commissioned to decorate a room in the grand Parisian house of the Duke de Bojano. The artist was probably asked to paint a storm, and he approached the task with ferocious energy. Courbet displays his entire range of technical brilliance as well as his intense personal emotion in this vivid landscape. Dark clouds loom over a panoramic view of windswept oaks that lead the eye from the craggy rock formations and pool of the foreground to the still-sunlit mountain range in the far distance. Whereas the mountains are painted with small, delicate brushstrokes, Courbet made use of the palette knife as well as the brush to create the vibrant effects of the foreground. The rocks take on a sculptural, almost three-dimensional quality thanks to the thick buildup of paint with the knife; by contrast, the tree trunks and branches are created with oily drags of a soft brush, and the leaves are rendered through vague stipple marks. The landscape is probably a site in the Forest of Fontainebleau, a vast expanse of virtually untouched forest a short distance from Paris. Courbet's inclusion of the mountain range, which does not exist in proximity to the forest, transforms this very realistic setting into a type of fantasy.


Cataloguing data may change with further research.

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Artist
Gustave Courbet, French, 1819–1877
Title
The Gust of Wind
Date
c. 1865
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
Overall: 57 3/4 × 90 7/8 in. (146.7 × 230.8 cm) Frame: 75 7/8 × 109 1/4 × 7 in. (192.7 × 277.5 × 17.8 cm)
Credit Line

Museum purchase funded by Caroline Wiess Law

Current Location
The Audrey Jones Beck Building
220 MCNAIR GALLERY
Accession Number
2002.216
Classification
Painting
Provenance

M.Thomas, Duke of Bojano, Colmar and Paris; [Hotel Drouot, Paris 16-17 April 1875, lot 2 (titled "L'Ouragan")]; [Durand-Ruel Galleries, Paris and New York]; purchased by James J. Hill on February 28, 1891; By descent; [Christie's, New York, May 1998 to French and Company, Inc., New York]; gift of Caroline Wiess Law to MFAH, 2002.