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[Rock Cut Sculptures in Happy Valley Fortress Gwalior]
The town of Gwalior in central India is home to an 8th-century fort. Although the fort was built by Hindu kings, its slopes were carved with magnificent sculptures representing Jain idols. These tirthankaras are spiritual guides who have been freed from the cycle of death and rebirth, and help others find the righteous path. Though the colossal statues have survived, many of the smaller ones were defaced under the 16th-century Mughal emperor Babur. The fort was the site of the 1857 uprising of Indian soldiers against the East India Company, although the British regained control of it in 1858.
Cataloguing data may change with further research.
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Samuel Bourne, British, 1834–1912
[Rock Cut Sculptures in Happy Valley Fortress Gwalior][House, Allahabad]
- Albumen silver print from glass negative
- Image/Sheet (.A): 8 7/8 × 11 7/16 in. (22.5 × 29 cm) Image/Sheet (.B): 9 7/16 × 11 in. (24 × 28 cm) Mount: 9 15/16 × 13 13/16 in. (25.2 × 35.1 cm)
- Credit Line
Museum purchase funded by Joan Morgenstern
- Current Location
- Not on view
- Accession Number
[Charles Isaacs Photographs, Inc., New York]; purchased by MFAH, 2018.