Practice Looking at Art

Engaging with a work of art is a meaningful and lasting experience. The following four-step process, designed by Museum staff, encourage close looking and careful thinking with any work of art that you view with your students, either in your classroom or in the Museum.


The Four-Step Process

1. LOOK 
Take time to look at the work of art.

  • Encourage students to take in the entire work of art, paying close attention to details. Ask the question, “What do you notice?” and encourage students to take inventory of everything they see.
  • Instruct students to look at a work of art for 30 seconds, and then to turn around and try to remember everything they observed. When they are looking at the work of art again, ask them about the details that they remember. What did they overlook?

2. DESCRIBE
Talk about what you see in the work of art.

  • Encourage students to describe all of the things that they see. Explore line, shape, color, composition, material, and subject matter.
  • Instruct students to use expressive language to describe what they see in detail. For example, instead of saying, “I see the sky,” they could say, “I see a dark, foreboding sky full of heavy clouds that sulk across the composition.”

3. THINK 
Interpret and assign meaning to the work of art.

  • Discuss the following with your students:
    • What story is taking place? What is the setting, or the time and place depicted?
    • What is the mood of the work? How do you know?
    • What is this work of art about?
    • What do you think the artist was trying to communicate through the creation of this work of art?

4. CONNECT
Relate what you see to your own life, or to other works of art or images you have seen.

  • Discuss the following with your students:
    • What does this work of art remind you of? Why?
    • How does this work of art relate to an aspect of your own life?
    • Compare this work of art to other images/objects that you have seen, either in a museum or in your everyday life. How are they similar? How are they different?

Test it out! Choose a work of art from the slideshow above, and use the strategies of LOOK, DESCRIBE, THINK, and CONNECT as you look closely with your students.