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Arts of Europe

The MFAH collections of art created on the European continent encompass artistic styles across the time line of history, from the ancient world to the Middle Ages, and the Early Modern era to the 21st century.

German, 1847 - 1968
Made by K. M. Seifert & Co., Dresden-Löbtau
Made for the Vereinigte Werksttten für Kunst im Handwerk, Munich

15 ¾ x 27 ¾ inches

The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

Gift of the Roger Ager Collection, Liberty, Texas

Arts of Europe

This monumental candelabrum is one of the few non-furniture objects designed by Bruno Paul, a painter, illustrator, and furniture and interior designer who came of age in Munich during the reign of Art Nouveau style. The candelabrum was sold in several sizes by the Vereinigte Werkstätten between 1901 and 1914. It fully embodies the expression of the German Art Nouveau style, and its importance as an indicator of the style has given it status as an icon of the period. The candelabrum consists of a central shaft that rises from a stepped circular base, and 12 arms that swivel and are arranged in length and height to form graduated tiers. The composition is like that of a tree, or—as some have observed—a stylized peacock.