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100 Highlights
of the MFAH
Take a tour through some of the most significant objects in the MFAH collections. On these pages, you can browse 100 highlights from collections throughout the institution. Then visit the Museum in person to discover your own favorites.
© 2010 Mondrian/Holtzman Trust c/o HCR International Virginia
Dutch, 1872 - 1944
Composition with Grid 1, 1918
Oil on canvas

31 9/16 x 19 5/8 inches

The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Pierre Schlumberger

Arts of Europe

In 1917, Piet Mondrian helped to found the Dutch art group de Stijl
(the Style), among the most idealistic and severe of the early Abstract movements. Driven by more than aesthetics, de Stijl aimed to unite the material and spiritual worlds through an art of pure geometry.

For Mondrian, a grid-pattern composition of horizontal and vertical lines could represent the universal harmony of the world. He saw the grid as a resolution to the opposing demands of the material and spiritual. Although Composition with Grid 1, 1918 appears to be a random sequence of squares and rectangles, X-ray photography has revealed that Mondrian first sketched a perfectly uniform grid of rectangles based on the classical golden section. This underlying grid then formed the scaffolding for the superimposed composition, giving the work an exceptional harmony of proportion. A nuance of mood and tone is established through the variations in gray and ochre glazes so that the ultimate effect is one of subtly shifting planes of color.